Careers in this Job Family
Environmental Health and Safety Specialists
Ordnance Specialists
Water and Sewage Treatment Plant Operators
Emergency Management Specialists
Environmental Health and Safety Officers
Ordnance Officers
Emergency Management Officers
Environmental Health and Safety
Photo 1: Specialist takes part in disaster training. Photo 2: Ordnance disposal technicians prepare rocket motors.

Providing for the health, safety, and well-being of the people and land affected by military operations and living is a major concern of the Services. The military must establish and implement programs that effectively reduce health and environmental risks that may be associated with military operations or use of contaminants. It addresses environmental cleanup and restoration of military bases, facilities, and surrounding areas. Some specialists research, develop, test, and evaluate new or emerging technologies that can help avoid, minimize, or control multimedia pollutants--specifically those that arise from military industrial, operational, and institutional activities. They also focus on safety and compliance in handling and disposing of solid waste, wastewater, toxic and hazardous substances, underground storage tanks, explosives and other weapons, pesticides and fertilizers, non-hazardous waste reduction and recycling, and other by-products. Personnel in this career field also play a significant role in preparing for and responding to disasters (such as oil spills or terrorist attacks) and restoring essential public services during a crisis. In addition, the military is involved in helping ensure that the Nation can respond effectively to the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), involving nuclear, biological, chemical or explosive material. It prepares for enemy attacks by conducting research and analysis of nuclear weapons effects to determine vulnerabilities and to improve survivability. It develops nuclear weapons strategy, plans, and policies. At the same time, it conducts threat assessments, and provides technical, operational and tactical support to other government agencies. The military has many unique capabilities for dealing with a WMD and combating terrorism, such as the US Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases, Technical Escort Unit, and US Marine Corps Chemical Biological Incident Response Force. These and other DoD assets may be used in responding to a terrorist incident, if needed. Occupations in this career field focus on the health and well-being of military personnel, civilians, and the environment as they are affected by military operations.

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